Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2021 Population
7.05M
0.993% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2021 Median Age
34.8
0.87% 1-year increase
2021 Poverty Rate
13.3%
0.851% 1-year decrease
2021 Median Household Income
$72,551
4.65% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$221,400
6.39% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
3.36M
0.823% 1-year growth

About

In 2021, Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX had a population of 7.05M people with a median age of 34.8 and a median household income of $72,551. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX grew from 6.98M to 7.05M, a 0.993% increase and its median household income grew from $69,328 to $72,551, a 4.65% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (34.7%), White (Hispanic) (20.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (16.8%), Two+ (Hispanic) (8.15%), and Other (Hispanic) (8.08%).

None of the households in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

86.3% of the residents in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX are Lone Star College System (11,684 degrees awarded in 2021), University of Houston (11,581 degrees), and San Jacinto Community College (227979) (7,278 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX was $221,400, and the homeownership rate was 61.2%.

Most people in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 29.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX was 2 cars per household.

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX borders Bay City, TX, Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX, Brenham, TX, El Campo, TX, and Huntsville, TX.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX is home to a population of 7.05M people, from which 86.3% are citizens. As of 2021, 23.5% of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX residents were born outside of the country (1.66M people).

In 2021, there were 1.66 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.45M people) in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.47M White (Hispanic) and 1.18M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

86.3%
2021 Citizenship
86.3%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 86.3% of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2020, the percentage of US citizens in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX was 86.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    2.45M ± 3.17k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    1.47M ± 15k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    1.18M ± 4.33k
37.9%
Hispanic Population
2.67M people

In 2021, there were 1.66 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.45M people) in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.47M White (Hispanic) and 1.18M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

37.9% of the people in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX are hispanic (2.67M people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,459,913 ± 36,829 people
  2. India
    290,669 ± 13,170 people
  3. El Salvador
    220,934 ± 11,496 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,459,913 Texas residents, followed by India with 290,669 and El Salvador with 220,934.

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Foreign-Born Population

23.5%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.66M people
23.3%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
1.62M people

As of 2021, 23.5% of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX residents (1.66M people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX was 23.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    76,670 ± 2,298
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    71,786 ± 2,987
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    46,308 ± 2,373

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX employs 3.36M people. The largest industries in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (383,537 people), Retail Trade (352,372 people), and Construction (329,470 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($109,707), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($108,930), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($104,416).

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,604. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

3.36M
2021 Value
± 19,159
0.823%
1 Year growth
± 0.794%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX grew at a rate of 0.823%, from 3.33M employees to 3.36M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, are Management Occupations (366,355 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (347,052 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (346,865 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

3.36M
2021 Value
± 19,159
0.823%
1 Year growth
± 0.794%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX grew at a rate of 0.823%, from 3.33M employees to 3.36M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (383,537 people), Retail Trade (352,372 people), and Construction (329,470 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, though some of these residents may live in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$50,318
Median earning men ± $461
$35,408
Median earning women ± $345

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($111,346), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($70,804), and Public Administration ($67,112).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($81,094), Manufacturing ($50,898), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($48,644).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in Texas. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 65,146
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 36,440
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 33,825
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $61.2M
    Manufacturing
  2. $55.5M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. $50.9M
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $255B
  2. $212B
  3. $180B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Electronics with $255B, followed by Gasoline ($212B) and Fuel oils ($180B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.26T
2020 Value in Texas
$4.54T
Projected 2050 Value in Texas
101% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.26T. This is expected to increase 101% to $4.54T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $77.7B
  2. $68.4B
  3. $58.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $77.7B, followed by California with $68.4B and Michigan and $58.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX awarded 72,796 degrees. The student population of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 124,498 male students and 182,198 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX are Hispanic or Latino (25,668 and 37.5%), followed by White (18,685 and 27.3%), Black or African American (13,252 and 19.4%), and Asian (6,955 and 10.2%).

The largest universities in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX by number of degrees awarded are Lone Star College System (11,684 and 16.1%), University of Houston (11,581 and 15.9%), and San Jacinto Community College (227979) (7,278 and 10%).

The most popular majors in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX are Liberal Arts & Sciences (6,462 and 8.88%), General Business Administration & Management (5,351 and 7.35%), and General Studies (4,846 and 6.66%).

The median tuition costs in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX are $18,701 for private four year colleges, and $5,882 and $19,320 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2021 in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, the percentage of applicants admitted was 53.5%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 25%. The number of students enrolled in 2021 was 306,696 (40.6% men and 59.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2021 there were 306,696 students enrolled in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, 40.6% men and 59.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 116,044 records, of which 61.1% were women and 38.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 1,334 degree-majors awarded
  2. 6,347 degree-majors awarded
  3. 4,717 degree-majors awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX was General Business Administration & Management with 1,334 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 11,684 degrees awarded
  2. 11,581 degrees awarded
  3. 7,278 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lone Star College System with 11,684 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2021, 30,167 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, which is 0.708 times less than the 42,629 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 25,668 degrees mean that there were 1.37 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 18,685 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($18,701) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,468) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Public, 2-year ($1,795) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Measure

In 2021, 1.46% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.43% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2021 were High School or Equivalent (5.58M), Some college (4.95M), and Bachelors Degree (4.04M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX was $221,400 in 2021, which is 0.904 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $208,100 to $221,400, a 6.39% increase. The homeownership rate in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX is 61.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX have an average commute time of 29.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX is $72,551. In 2021, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX was Rockwall County, TX with a value of $111,595, followed by Collin County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $104,327 and $102,590.

Property

$221,400
Median Property Value 2021
±$1,220
$1.51M
Median Property Taxes
±$11,175

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

61.2%
Homeownership
2021
66.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 61.2% of the housing units in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2021, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX was Rockwall County, TX with a value of $111,595, followed by Collin County, TX and Fort Bend County, TX, with respective values of $104,327 and $102,590.

The following map shows all of the counties in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$72,551
Median Household Income
± $578
2.46M
Number of Households
± 15,484

In 2021, the median household income of the 2.46M households in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX grew to $72,551 from the previous year's value of $69,328.

The following chart displays the households in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX is from Texas.
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Texas
0.478
2020 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2021, the income inequality in Texas was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.474% decline from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (77.1%)
  2. Carpooled (9.35%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.69%)

In 2021, 77.1% of workers in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.35%) and those who worked at home (8.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

29.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX have a longer commute time (29.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 2.33% of the workforce in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

13.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX (929k out of 6.96M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

81.3% of the population of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX has health coverage, with 47.6% on employee plans, 14.2% on Medicaid, 8.33% on Medicare, 10.1% on non-group plans, and 1.02% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1629 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 759 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,629 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,629 patients per year. This represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 28.2% under 18 years, 22.2% between 18 and 34 years, 38.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 11.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.9% were men and 51.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

18.7%
Uninsured
47.6%
Employer Coverage
14.2%
Medicaid
8.33%
Medicare
10.1%
Non-Group
1.02%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX grew by 2.59% from 18.2% to 18.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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