Gainesville, FL

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
341,067
1.41% 1-year growth
US Senator
Marco Rubio
Republican Party
US Senator
Rick Scott
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
33.9
0.877% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
19.2%
1.39% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$56,638
9.43% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$226,100
17.9% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
158,053
1.52% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Gainesville, FL had a population of 341k people with a median age of 33.9 and a median household income of $56,638. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Gainesville, FL grew from 336,322 to 341,067, a 1.41% increase and its median household income grew from $51,755 to $56,638, a 9.43% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Gainesville, FL are White (Non-Hispanic) (63.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (16.9%), White (Hispanic) (5.16%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.98%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.64%).

None of the households in Gainesville, FL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.4% of the residents in Gainesville, FL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL are University of Florida (18,084 degrees awarded in 2022), Santa Fe College (3,109 degrees), and University of Florida-Online (834 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Gainesville, FL was $226,100, and the homeownership rate was 59.3%.

Most people in Gainesville, FL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Gainesville, FL was 2 cars per household.

Gainesville, FL borders Lake City, FL, Ocala, FL, and Palatka, FL.

About the photo: Gainesville Chamber of Commerce

Population & Diversity

Gainesville, FL is home to a population of 341k people, from which 95.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 9.64% of Gainesville, FL residents were born outside of the country (32.9k people).

In 2022, there were 3.74 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (216k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 57.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 17.6k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95.4%
2022 Citizenship
95.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 95.4% of Gainesville, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Gainesville, FL was 95.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Gainesville, FL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    216k ± 780
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    57.7k ± 884
  3. White (Hispanic)
    17.6k ± 1.22k
10.4%
Hispanic Population
35.5k people

In 2022, there were 3.74 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (216k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 57.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 17.6k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

10.4% of the people in Gainesville, FL are hispanic (35.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Gainesville, FL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Florida.
Most Common Origin
  1. Cuba
    1,003,261 ± 24,014 people
  2. Haiti
    344,713 ± 14,299 people
  3. Colombia
    299,067 ± 13,333 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 1,003,261 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 344,713 and Colombia with 299,067.

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Foreign-Born Population

9.64%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
32.9k people
9.57%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
32.2k people

As of 2022, 9.64% of Gainesville, FL residents (32.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gainesville, FL was 9.57%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    6,973 ± 594
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,824 ± 567
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    3,274 ± 528

Gainesville, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Gainesville, FL employs 158k people. The largest industries in Gainesville, FL are Educational Services (29,449 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (26,071 people), and Retail Trade (17,126 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($130,341), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($74,846), and Finance & Insurance ($53,444).

Males in Florida have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,054. The income inequality in Florida (measured using the Gini index) is 0.474, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

158k
2022 Value
± 3,720
1.52%
1 Year growth
± 3.28%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 1.52%, from 156k employees to 158k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gainesville, FL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,440 people), Management Occupations (15,455 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (14,932 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

158k
2022 Value
± 3,720
1.52%
1 Year growth
± 3.28%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 1.52%, from 156k employees to 158k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gainesville, FL, are Educational Services (29,449 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (26,071 people), and Retail Trade (17,126 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gainesville, FL, though some of these residents may live in Gainesville, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$40,400
Median earning men ± $1,423
$33,685
Median earning women ± $767

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($59,677), Wholesale Trade ($57,670), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($54,199).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($48,163), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($45,226), and Construction ($42,942).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Y-Axis
4.23%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 9.69M people employed in Florida. This represents a 4.23% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 12.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Florida.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 3,259
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,771
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 1,477
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Florida went to Donald J. Trump with 51.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (47.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.635%).

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing the state of Florida. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Florida

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Marco Rubio
Senator from Florida3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Rick Scott
Senator from Florida1
Assumed office on January 8, 2019
Inauguration delayed in order to finish his term as Governor of Florida.

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing Florida.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Florida over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Florida

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Florida have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Gainesville, FL awarded 22,263 degrees. The student population of Gainesville, FL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 32,138 male students and 41,851 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gainesville, FL are White (11,848 and 56.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (4,648 and 22.1%), Asian (1,519 and 7.23%), and Black or African American (1,445 and 6.88%).

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Florida (18,084 and 81.2%), Santa Fe College (3,109 and 14%), and University of Florida-Online (834 and 3.75%).

The most popular majors in Gainesville, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,137 and 9.6%), General Business Administration & Management (1,669 and 7.5%), and General Psychology (698 and 3.14%).

The median tuition cost in Gainesville, FL for a public four year colleges is $3,358 for in-state students and $15,000 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Gainesville, FL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 24.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 46.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 73,989 (43.4% men and 56.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 73,989 students enrolled in Gainesville, FL, 43.4% men and 56.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 37,327 records, of which 57.2% were women and 42.8% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 647 degrees awarded
  2. 641 degrees awarded
  3. 613 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Gainesville, FL was General Psychology with 647 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Gainesville, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 18,084 degrees awarded
  2. 3,109 degrees awarded
  3. 834 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Florida with 18,084 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 9,396 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gainesville, FL, which is 0.73 times less than the 12,867 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 11,848 degrees mean that there were 2.55 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 4,648 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($41,040) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($3,600) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private for-profit, 2-year ($1,231) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Measure

In 2022, 1.19% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.2% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (4.97M), Some college (3.58M), and Bachelors Degree (3.32M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Gainesville, FL was $226,100 in 2022, which is 0.802 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $191,800 to $226,100, a 17.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Gainesville, FL is 59.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Gainesville, FL have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Gainesville, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Gainesville, FL is $56,638. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Gainesville, FL was St. Johns County, FL with a value of $100,020, followed by Santa Rosa County, FL and Nassau County, FL, with respective values of $84,715 and $84,085.

Property

$226,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,607
$79,117
Median Property Taxes
±$2,183

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Gainesville, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

59.3%
Homeownership
2022
66.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 59.3% of the housing units in Gainesville, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 59.8%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Gainesville, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gainesville, FL was St. Johns County, FL with a value of $100,020, followed by Santa Rosa County, FL and Nassau County, FL, with respective values of $84,715 and $84,085.

The following map shows all of the counties in Gainesville, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$56,638
Median Household Income
± $1,160
133k
Number of Households
± 3,108

In 2022, the median household income of the 133k households in Gainesville, FL grew to $56,638 from the previous year's value of $51,755.

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gainesville, FL is from Florida.
0.474
2022 Wage GINI in Florida
0.473
2021 Wage GINI in Florida

In 2022, the income inequality in Florida was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.285% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (72.4%)
  2. Worked At Home (10.1%)
  3. Carpooled (9.52%)

In 2022, 72.4% of workers in Gainesville, FL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (10.1%) and those who carpooled to work (9.52%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gainesville, FL have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.63% of the workforce in Gainesville, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gainesville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gainesville, FL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gainesville, FL (61.9k out of 323k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gainesville, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

90.8% of the population of Gainesville, FL has health coverage, with 47.4% on employee plans, 12.1% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 17.7% on non-group plans, and 2.35% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Florida see 1372 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.939% decrease from the previous year (1385 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1631 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 546 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
1,372 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Florida

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,372 patients per year. This represents a 0.939% decrease from the previous year (1,385 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 20.9% under 18 years, 30.7% between 18 and 34 years, 32.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.6% were men and 52.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.18%
Uninsured
47.4%
Employer Coverage
12.1%
Medicaid
11.3%
Medicare
17.7%
Non-Group
2.35%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gainesville, FL declined by 4.26% from 9.59% to 9.18%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gainesville, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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